In this day and age, people tend to overlook the value of being skilled in basic first aid. You might think the doctor is just a call away and there’s nothing to worry about, but this isn’t mostly the case. Knowing basic first aid is important and can be highly useful in circumstances where help is needed immediately, such as in case someone is choking or having an allergic reaction.

Breathing Complications

The most basic first aid is to know how to help a person who is either having problems breathing, or has stopped breathing at all. First and foremost, call out the person’s name and see if they respond, or touch their shoulder to see if they react. If they fail to respond, then notice if their chest is moving to indicate that they’re breathing. If you find that the person is not breathing, start giving basic life support.

  • Basic Life Support (CPR): Start by placing the heel of your palm in the center of the chest, above the breastbone. Place the other hand on top of the first one, and then lock your fingers keeping them off the chest.
  • Apply pressure from the heels of your hands by pressing down in a firm manner, at a rate of 100 pumps per minute. Counting the number of times you apply pressure will help keep track, and repeat at least 30 times.
  • Tilting the chin upwards and pinch the nostrils, in order to prevent air from leaking out.
  • While pinching the nose to constrict air from passing, place your mouth atop the person’s mouth and breathe slowly into their mouth. Repeat twice.
  • The chest should rise as you’re doing this, which would be an indication of enough air going in.
  • If this is not the case, repeat the procedure and only stop when you see the victim breathing.


If you happen to face a scenario where someone is choking, it is vital that you know how to help them. The first real indication of a person who is choking is that they won’t be able to converse with you verbally and will be communicating through hand movements only. If you see that the person is conscious but unable to talk or breathe, then position yourself behind them, lean their head forward and strongly strike between the shoulder blades of the person. This usually causes the person to cough out what was choking them. If this is not successful, then the Heimlich manoeuver is your best bet:

  • Proceed by positioning yourself behind the victim, and bend them forward after holding them firmly from the waist. Make a fist with both hands, one on top of the other, and positioned just atop the navel of the victim.
  • With a strong, upward movement, thrust both of your hands into the belly or stomach of the person.
  • Repeat the process until the item choking the person is spat out.

Raeburn Healthcare

We, at Raeburn Healthcare, ensure the safety of the people around us by providing as much as help as possible. Over the years, we have treated thousands of patients and have gained the trust based on our expertise. You can contact us at 0330 053 5959 or by emailing us, at, for further inquiries.

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